By: Michelle Chan
The Deutsche Bank Money Laundering Scandal
After Russia’s incursion into Crimea, sanctions by the European Union and the U.S. against Russia forced President Putin to declare “offshorization” illegal in an attempt to keep Russian businesses at home and prevent the declining exchange rate of the ruble from damaging the Russian economy. As a result, Russian billionaires resorted to a more discreet way of funneling money offshore via mirror trading whereby a relatively small amount is traded in each transaction. Thus, creating the Deutsche Bank money laundering scandal. This ...
Dr. Kara Tan Bhala
This issue of Moral Cents: Winter/Spring 2017 presents just two articles with the first being a large and comprehensive report evaluating the LIBOR manipulation five years after the discovery of this dismal practice. Regulators began investigating the manipulation of LIBOR by a colluding clutch of international banks in 2012, after the Financial Times published an article by a former trader recounting how LIBOR manipulation was common since at least 1991. Rishi Hardowar writes a thorough report on the scandal, examining its causes, the investigations, the resulting plethora of ...
By: Anh Le
John Doe sent the documents he gathered from Mossack Fonseca (MF), a Panamanian law firm to the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung stating that massive, pervasive corruption from high net worth individuals and criminals represented the erosion of ethics around the world. John Doe believed the documents had to be made public for everyone to understand the sources of income inequality. This report provides an overview of MF, how its documents were leaked to the world, and the global reactions. Specifically, this report addresses the cases documented in ...
By: Harley Comrie
Republicans in Congress and Donald Trump want to roll back Dodd-Frank regulations to help banks become more profitable, and remove burdensome regulations. These politicians apparently forget that so-called light touch regulation was a reason for the Great Financial Crisis (GFC) of 2008, the effects of which haunt us still and carried President Trump to power. It is helpful to remember even after the GFC, bank scandals recur with dismal regularity and that regulations form the thin red line protecting consumers from the greed of financial institutions.
The following is ...
By: Rachel Thomas
Part 2 in SPI’s Trump Financial Ethics Watch Series
Trump’s Repeal of Disclosure of Payments Rule for Oil and Mining Companies
On February 14, President Trump signed his first piece of legislation, H.J. Resolution 41, repealing an anti-corruption measure that required oil and mining companies to disclose their payments to foreign governments. The resolution repeals a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rule written under the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial reform law. The purpose of the SEC rule was to safeguard against corruption in resource-rich countries by mandating companies on US stock exchanges ...
By: Michelle Chan
Part 1 in SPI’s Trump Financial Ethics Watch Series
Donald Trump’s Conflicts of Interest
As President Donald Trump has adjusted to his first month in the White House, a host of questions have arisen about the future of his multi-billion dollar empire during his time in the Oval Office. After all, President Trump represents something entirely new in the White House; he will be the first president to be actively involved in over 500 local and global companies (as listed on his FEC filing) with ongoing litigation against his businesses and a ...
By: Victoria Tse
Americans owe nearly $1.3 trillion in student loan debt spread out among 43 million borrowers, putting it only second behind mortgage debt as the highest level of consumer debt. To illustrate the magnitude of the student loan debt crisis, consider the following. The average Class of 2016 graduate owes $37,172 in student loan debt, up six percent from the previous year (Student Loan Hero). That intimidating figure continues to rise with each graduating class incurring more debt than the preceding class. According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, ...
By: Rachel Thomas
Part 2 of the Valeant Pharmaceuticals Series
In a capitalist free market, the goal of business is to sell a product to satisfy demand. The companys objective is to maximize profit, without breaking the laws of the land. This profit motive is generally accepted as a characteristic of the free market and rarely raises ethical questions. However, there are industries where social good may take precedent over profit. The pharmaceutical industry presents one instance.
The pharmaceutical industry is a unique and significant component of the international economy. It faces ethical ...
By Yucheng Lu
This case study is about Valeant Pharmaceuticals, a Canadian-based multinational pharmaceutical company. The company is under investigation for its pricing practices, which have allegedly resulted in extremely high prices on medicines in the U.S. market. Additionally, its inappropriate disclosure of inter-corporate relations alarmed investors, who are concerned about possible manipulation of the insurance system.
This case study finds Valeants behavior in both healthcare and equity markets to be unethical. Stakeholders should be aware of the risks associated with Valeant.
The Core Players:
The main players involved in the Valeants scandal are as follows.